Quit India Movement . Know everything about it in English
Conclusion of Quit India movement
Quit India Movement The Gandhi-Irwin Agreement was finished. Gandhiji left for London on August 29, 1931, to participate in the Second Golmachal Council.
He was the only representative of Congress to participate in the Council. Gandhiji himself said, “There is every possible chance of returning empty-handed from this council.” They were right too.
After reaching there on September 12, 1931, his hand was dry. Despite this, his travels became the subject of discussion among the people there.
The stories about Gandhiji began to be called. It was a great thing for British citizens that a simple, honest, sincere person came in between them. Gandhiji’s personality influenced everyone.
Bharat Chhodo Andolan
After reaching London, Gandhiji stayed in Kingsley Hall of the West Bank of East End. Through his public service and simple nature, Gandhiji won the hearts of the youth and the elderly class there.
They became the favorite of everyone. Their innocence, kindness broke the boundaries of nation and nation. When people used to tell him about their children, their answer would be, “You can wear four tones, I can not wear four babies.”
There was a pleasant event in Gandhiji’s visit to England. It was his meeting with mill workers of Lancashire. In India, the direct hit of excommunication of foreign women was lying on these people and many lakhs of workers were lost.
All workers meet them with great humility and love. A useless laborer even said so, “I am a worthless laborer, but if I were in India, then what Gandhiji did.”
Causes of quit India movement
While returning, Gandhiji went to meet Roman Roland in Switzerland. In a meeting of the Fascist there he explained that the belief of ‘God is the truth’ is more powerful than the belief that ‘Truth is God.’
On the day Gandhiji reached Bombay, on that day he said, “My trip to England and Europe for three months has not been completely useless.”
I felt that the eastern country is the eastern country and the western countries are western. There is a lot of similarities, it does not matter who is in an environment, within all, the flower of faith and love is spreading its fragrance. ”
Gandhiji soon realized that the ‘Gandhi-Irwin’ agreement was dissolved by the British government. She has been put in the trash bin.
The new viceroy Lord Willingdon had created many uneven conditions with his new black law. It was common for the people to shoot them and shoot them.
Congress leader Jawaharlal Nehru, who went to receive Gandhiji in Bombay, was arrested on the way. When Gandhiji reached Bombay on December 28, 1931, he had said, “I think that this ordinance is a gift from us on behalf of our Christian viceroy Lord Willingdon.” One week later, arresting Gandhiji and locking him in Yerawada prison. The punishment was not taken until the court was adjourned.
Quit India movement pdf
Gandhiji had retired from ‘politics’. But in reality, he was deeply involved with the problems of Indian life. World War II brought them back to the political arena. Without asking the Indians, the British government also shook India in the war. The English were familiar with Gandhiji’s role in the Boer War.
Viceroy Lord Linlithgow called Gandhiji to Shimla the next day after the announcement of the war. Gandhiji sympathized with England while discussing with the sad heart of the war.
They were prepared to give unconditional England support They did not want to take advantage of England’s compulsion, it was against their theory. Congress, on the other hand, wanted to give support to England only in special conditions.
Congress leaders released a declaration on September 14, 1939, in which Hitler’s assault was condemned and it was said that ‘an independent India’ would support other independent nations.
Gandhiji’s view was not included in this manifesto. The Congress was replied in ‘No’, and it was said that Britain can not give power to such an Indian government, on which a large section of the Indian public has an objection. The signal was towards non-Congress and anti-Congress Muslims, whose command was in the hands of Mohammad Ali Jinnah.
Bharat Chhodo Andolan in English
It was more than twenty years for Gandhiji to say that India could not get independence without Hindu-Muslim unity. But the color of communalism has been rising again and again.
In the end, Gandhiji raised the slogan of ‘Quit India’. The ‘Quit India’ movement was the solution of two dangers at once – the first Japanese invasion to protect the country and eradicate mutual distinction and establish unity. Once again Gandhiji started ‘Satyagraha’. Gandhiji started to prepare the people
This movement warmed the atmosphere of the country. There was a historic meeting in Bombay on August 7, 1942. It was decided in the meeting that if the British State was not removed from India then the civil disobedience movement will be started under the leadership of Gandhiji.
Quit India Movement was launched in response to
Gandhiji wanted to meet Viceroy once before working on any plan. He did not think it was proper to talk to Gandhiji. He decided to take a hard handjob.
All senior Congress leaders were arrested on the morning of 9th August. The news of these arrests began to burn the whole country. In places like Bengal, Bihar, and Bombay, the public burnt the police stations, post offices, courts, railway stations, etc.
There was a lot of fuss In relation to the responsibility of these nuisances, the Aga Khana has been quite a long correspondence in Poona. When Lord Linlithgow expressed doubt in Gandhiji’s faith and sincerity in non-violence then Mahatmaji’s heart was torn apart.
To get peace from this spiritual suffering, he started fasting twenty-one days from 10 February 1943. These times proved improbable for Gandhiji.
After six days of his arrest, he had been an aide for 24 years and Mahadev Desai, who plays the secretariat, walked away from heart failure.
During this time his wife Kasturba was seriously ill. He also said goodbye to this world. As if the mountain of sorrows broke down on Gandhiji.
quit India movement of 1942
In August 1942, Gandhiji launched the Quit India Movement (“Bharat Chhodo Andolan”). A resolution was passed on 8 August 1942 in Bombay by the All India Congress Committee, declaring its demand for an immediate end of British rule. Congress decided to organize a mass struggle on non-violent lines on the widest possible scale. Gandhiji’s slogan of ‘Do or Die’ inspired the nation. Every man, woman, and the child began dreaming of a free India.
The government’s response to the movement was quick. The Congress was banned and most of its leaders were arrested before they could start mobilizing the people.
The people, however, we’re unstoppable. There were hartals and demonstrations all over the country. The people attacked all symbols of the British government such as railway stations, law courts, and police stations.
Railway lines were damaged and telegraph lines were cut. In some places, people even set up their independent government.
The movement was most widespread in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Bengal, Bombay, Odisha, and Andhra Pradesh. Places such as Ballia, Tamluk, Satara, Dharwar, Balasore and Talcher were freed from British rule and the people there formed their own governments.
The British responded with terrible brutality. The army was called out to assist the police. There were lathi-charges and firing at the unarmed demonstrators.
Even old men and children were shot dead while taking part in processions. Protestors were arrested and tortured and their homes raided and destroyed. By December 1942, over sixty thousand people had been jailed.
The few leaders who had escaped arrest went into hiding and tried to guide the mass movement. Among them were Jai Prakash Narayan, S M Joshi, Aruna Asaf Ali, Ram Manohar Lohia, Achyut Patwardhan, and Smt Sucheta Kripalani.
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